Babel Defiance in Lyon
World War I; Babel Proclamation; Council of Defense; German Language; Anti-Germanism; Defacement; Law; Signage;
Germans ignore Babel after contracting lawyer, take down signs, noting that "the proper place for them was the toilet, as there was where [they] talked English."
T. J. Coakley
State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa
Box #14, Council of Defense, Governor's Office: Harding, Research Group #43, S61/07/05
1918-7-26; Lyon county; George, Iowa