World War I


Concerning the Flag Removal Incident at German Lutheran Church

Packer writes about the Lutheran church removing its American flag, the possible perps, and the community reactions.
Anti-German Methodism

Methodist minister writes forceful letter in support of Babel, in which deep-seated anti-Germanism plays no small role.
Pomeroy Babel Defiance

Wattonville informs on German-language use over telephone and in religious services.
Swedish American Babel Defiance

Neighbor informs on Swedish Americans--just as pro-German, apparently, as any German American--flagrantly resisting Babel in church services.
Lutheran Support

Lutheran pastor offers qualified support, noting that it was only "old custom" which kept him teaching younger children in German, although they understand English much better. He does ask for concessions in terms of elderly German-language speakers.
Dual-Language Preaching

Chairman of local War Council sees local reverend. Reverend asks for German-language concessions, as they've been given them in Fort Dodge. Chairman thinks "no," but writes Governor regardless, remarking in space on loyalty of Farnhamville Germans…
Defiance and Threats

City Marshal writes of Germans disregarding Babel and threatens potential violence
Babel Concessions

Lutheran pastor asks for concession, citing the local Swedish church which is conducting worship in Swedish without molestation, apparently.